ISME and the Twilight of History
Parole chiave:International Society for Music Education, Music history, Listening of music
AbstractIn addition to the International Musicological Society there exists an International Society for Music Education, an association (affiliated with UNESCO) that gathers music educators from over 80 countries. Between the end of the last century and the beginning of the present one, the ISME issued three main policy papers: “Declaration of Beliefs for Worldwide Promotion of Music Education” (1994-96); “Policy on Music Education” (2002); and “Vision and Mission: Leading and Supporting Music Education Worldwide” (2006). A comparative analysis of the three ‘manifestos’ reveals that, while in 1994-96 the ISME explicitly included the triad ‘history – culture – aesthetics’ in its conception, and regarded the ‘listening’ of music as an educationally significant activity, after just a few years the first and third notions (‘history,’ ‘aesthetics’) have all but vanished, and music listening has also disappeared from the agenda. The fact that the notion of ‘history’ and the aesthetic approach to musical art have disappeared from the perspective of music educators worldwide may have to do with scruples about political correctness, motivated by the “Mexico City Declaration on Cultural Policies” of UNESCO (1982), where the notion of ‘culture’ had already replaced that of ‘history’. To be sure, this ignorance, or suspicion, about the historical aspects of music production does not in any way facilitate the task of musicologists (or of ethnomusicologists), nor that of music education teachers.
Copyright (c) 2016 Lorenzo Bianconi
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